WHAT DO WE TEACH?

As children come to learn more and more about how music is put together, they will begin to have new ears to hear any music. They add critical thinking skills to their musical experiences and will enjoy many kinds of music. They also come to understand and love music as they have hands on experiences creating their own music. They can have that experience through private lessons or by just doing some of the fun lessons that I will share.

The lessons will center on the Elements of Music: Beat, Rhythm, Style, Melody, Expression, Form, Timbre, Harmony, and Texture. You can watch as children become confidant at discussing these elements and hearing them in the music they listen to each day. They will enjoy using these elements to create their own music.

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Melodic Contour

Melodies move up and down.  The pattern made by the upward/downward movement of those notes is called melodic contour.

Contour is fun to teach to children.  I first made it a puzzle for us to put together.  However, before you can put a song puzzle together, you have to know the song.  So for the sake of this lesson, the children will have to know well the following songs so that they can sing them independently:
A Sailor Went to Sea Sea Sea

Are You Sleeping?

Happy Birthday

London Bridge

Skip  to My Lou

The Farmer in the Dell

This Old Man

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

You can learn the actions for the following songs if you don't already know them:

A Sailor Went to Sea Sea Sea   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIISqlIWZEQ

London Bridge  http://www.ehow.com/how_2085902_play-london-bridge-falling-down.html

The Farmer in the Dell  http://www.dltk-teach.com/rhymes/farmer/song.htm

This Old Man  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGpmbuxiYrM

The song sheets below are used for all of these activities - but in different ways.


ACTIVITY #1 -  Print out the song pages for the children.  Then sing the songs while touching each "note" of the melody while you sing it.  This activity helps the children "feel" the upward/downward movement of the melody while they sing.  It also introduces them to long and short notes.

ACTIVITY #2 - Match the songs with their titles.  For this activity I cut off the top of each sheet and the children had to figure out which song went with each title.

ACTIVITY #3 -  Put the song puzzles together.

For the song puzzles, I printed out the pages and cut them into pieces.  Most of the songs have 4 pieces to the song plus the title of the song. Twinkle Twinkle has 6 pieces plus the title.  I put those pieces in envelopes and labeled each envelope with the name of the song.  My kids worked with a partner to do this.  I did this activity last so that they have had plenty of experience with the contour sheets and the songs before they did it. The children laid the pieces on the floor in order they thought the song would go.  I color coded the phrases so that I could easily give the children the answers.  For example, A Sailor Went to Sea answer would be: Green, Orange, Purple, Blue.










Monday, March 17, 2014

Carnival of the Animals Day 1

Introducing Carnival of the Animals by Camille Saint-Saëns

  • Introduction and Royal March of the Lion
  • Hens and Roosters
  • Wild Asses: Swift Animals
  • Tortoises
  • The Elephant
  • Kangaroos
  • Aquarium
  • Personages with Long Ears
  • The Cuckoo in the Depths of the Woods
  • Aviary
  • Pianists
  • Fossils
  • The Swan
  • Finale

I always looked forward to this unit each year.  It is an introduction to composition giving children an understanding that music can be used to describe something.  "From the beginning, Saint-Saëns regarded the work as a piece of fun." (Wiki-pedia)  I fully intended that this whole unit would be fun!

I wanted to start by getting the children excited about the music and to not only hear the music but see the instruments.  I chose to start with a video.  Choosing a good video that will engage the children is not always easy.  At the time I was teaching, the best one on the market was a DVD featuring Gary Burkoff.  You can find this one now on You Tube at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uerDXMMGrS0

As I looked online today, I see there are several options.  I still like the Gary Burkoff version for its integration of live persons, animations, and the orchestration.

There are numerous versions on You Tube.  Feel free to use whichever form you like to introduce the music.  

FYI:  Everyone likes different pieces of music and children are no different.  With that in mind, it has been my experience that not all of these pieces will be entertaining to the children.  That does not mean that I did not use them.  However, it may not be necessary to play an entire piece of music to teach a certain concept. 

______________________________________________________________

Disney Productions included the Introduction in it's 2000 version of Fantasia.  This can be found on You Tube:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poz9nZCFmb0

Another older version with the Ogden Nash poems is the Bugs Bunny version:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vUsZ-M09SMw

______________________________________________________________________________

If you prefer a book rather than video, then you might like this one.  The Carnival of the Animals (Book and CD) Hardcover by Jack Prelutsky  (Author) , Camille Saint-Saens (Creator) , Mary GrandPre (Illustrator)

Jack Prelutsky and Mary GrandPre have teamed up to create a winner.  America’s first Children's Poet Laureate has written all-new verses to accompany the composer Camille Saint-Saëns’s The Carnival of the Animals, and the illustrator of the Harry Potter books has turned these rollicking rhymes into a picture-book fun fest. Included is a CD of the music and of Jack Prelutsky reading the verses. A note to parents and teachers by Judith Bachleitner, head of the music department at the prestigious Rudolf Steiner School in New York City, suggests ways preschoolers can act out the music—tromp like an elephant, hop like a kangaroo, glide like a swan—or, for older children, be creatively inspired by this joyful work.







Carnival of the Animals Day 2

Today we want to make a connection between what the music actually does, how it sounds, and how it is played to the animals that it is describing.  So the children will each get a packet of cards that has a picture of each animal.  The cards will remind them of the animals in the music they listened to yesterday.

With very young children, you may want to have them choose two or three cards at a time so that there are not so many choices.  So let's say that you choose the turtle, the kangaroo, and the aquarium.  Take time before you listen to the music for each animal to predict what the music will do.  Which music will be the slowest? Which animal moves the slowest of all three?  Which moves the fastest?  Which music might sound like hopping?  What will the fish in the aquarium be doing?  What will that sound like?  Ask any questions you like to get their minds thinking.  Then as you play each piece of music, they will be able to identify the correct animal because they have already been predicting what it will sound like.

Do this same exercise with three more of the songs and cards.  Choose animals where the differences will be pretty obvious.

Now for the next set of cards, let the children ask the questions.  Choose three animals and invite them to ask you what to listen for.  They will be able to do that.

And then for the final group of pictures, ask the children to think their questions in their head and then to think the answers. You are teaching them strategies that they can use in many situations.

With older children you could easily do half of the cards with the questions and then end with them thinking their own questions and answers in their head before you play the last pieces of music.

It is a great exercise and will help them on Day 3 when you play the game called "I See It".

Here are the animal pictures - 4 to a page.  Print on cardstock and cut them out.  Laminate if they will be used often.

Remember how I said that Saint Saens was having fun when he wrote this music.  There are three pieces in particular that are actually funny and the kids can learn to recognize what this composer did.

1.  The Tortoise - the melody for the Tortoise is the Can Can - played very, very slowly.  Young children may or may not have heard the Can Can.  Here is a funny You Tube versions they would enjoy.  It's a wedding and the bride and guest are all dancing to the Can Can.  Just a minute will be enough for the kids.  Once they see the fun of the Can Can itself, they will laugh to think the Tortoise is doing this same music!  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sc4NoFZUZkA

2.  The Pianists - the piano plays some very beautiful music throughout the Carnival of the Animals.  But when this particular piece comes along, the pianists are practicing their scales!

3.  The Fossils - Now we need the sound of bones so the composer adds a xylophones.  Everyone who has ever done an animation for this piece has this being played on the bones of a skeleton!  Cute idea!




Carnival of the Animals Day 3

Today the children get to act out the animals as they hear the music.  Rather than just play the music and tell them to be a fish or a bird, etc, play the game called "I See It".

In order to play this game, the children will become the animal whose music they hear.  So you start playing say the Kangaroo's music.  The children listen and as soon as they know which animal it is, they become that animal and start moving around.  You should by now see kids hopping all over the room.  As soon as most of the children are doing the correct animal, you say "I See It" and they have to freeze right where they are until the next piece begins.  To reinforce their learning, say something like "Yes, I see kangaroos jumping all over the room!"

Do this with all of the pieces.  You may have to give a little assistance this first time - especially on the slow pieces which they may confuse.  You can play this often until you see them successfully identifying the pieces.

Here are some You Tube clips of the various pieces.  For this exercise we don't care what the graphics are. Remember you can use Free You Tube Downloader to download these pieces as mp3 files if you prefer to do that.  I personally like some of the You Tube videos for the kids.  The Fossils is a really good one!


Carnival of the Animals Day 4+

Now it is time to make some fun of your own!  The children now know that you can use instruments to describe an animal.  So it is time to do exactly that!  I like to encourage them to choose an animal that was not in Carnival of the Animals so that they have to create their own ideas.  So let's just imagine a few:

Rabbit - hopping around on a xylophone or keyboard?

Snake - slithering through the grass - how about a mallet rubbing itself along a xylophone or a maraca shaking softly to create the sound of the snake slithering but all of a sudden it becomes a rattlesnake ready to attack!

Mouse - tiny little sounds- high notes on the piano or any other instrument you have?

Horse galloping - mallets playing on wood

Get the idea?  This is an exercise in creativity.  There is no right or wrong.  It's time to explore musical sounds and they can be played on a regular instrument, a pan, a wooden chair, or anything you can imagine that will create the effect you want to create.

With older children, especially if they play an instrument already, then it is fun for them to explore how they can do this on that instrument.  But with young children, anything is fair game.

Now if you really want to have some fun, try doing a shadow puppet type theater and let the children make their own animated videos of their music.

Here is a good example of using black paper cutouts with a white sheet and backlight to make an effective shadow puppet show:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUcz2W9acAQ


Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Using YouTube videos

FYI:  There are several free downloadable programs that can help you download videos from YouTube.  A nice feature of these are that you can also download just the music as an mp3 file.

I use Free YouTube Downloader.  It is available at CNET.

http://download.cnet.com/Free-YouTube-Downloader/3000-2071_4-75219434.html

The Composers' Union

One of my favorite enrichment classes to do with my 4th and 5th grade students was called the Highmeadow Composers' Union (HCU).  This could easily be adapted for younger students.

The idea was that the Composers' Union was a company that contracted out its employees to various other companies who needed new and original musical compositions.  I conducted this class or unit as if it was a real company.  The children needed to apply for the job.  They needed recommendations from "former employers" (teachers, parents, etc).   They had to create a resume of their former musical experiences including any school experiences, private lessons, or musical activities they had participated in.   They received a welcome letter from the CEO of the company.

The class was designed to give them opportunities to compose songs and other musical composition based on whatever level they could do this.  There were many options given to them.  The more options, the better. They got a letter from the payroll department on the first day of class giving them the guidelines for their composition based on the work they completed during their stay with the company.

Class description:  Change roles for a while and be a composer.  As a  member of  HCU, the Highmeadow Composers' Union, you will be contracted out to different companies who need your musical genius.  You will use computer technology, keyboards, and other musical instruments to perform your tasks.  At the end of the class you will have produced a CD of music written and performed by YOU!

Children are very creative.  They have lived with music all of their lives.  They can create wonderful pieces. The degree to which I expected musical correctness was based completely on the level of each student.  A student who had 3 years of private piano lessons was expected to understand notation and to be accurate if they composed a piano piece.  If a student with only 1 year of private lessons tried to write a piano composition, then my expectations were less. IMPORTANT: Since I had the resumes ahead of time, I could create jobs based on what my students were capable of doing.  

My students already were acquainted with music notation software and had some experience with using it. But certainly it is not necessary for creating music.  You as the teacher have to make that decision.  I had computers in my music room and had Finale Notepad installed on them.  Notepad is a free beginning notation program from Finale.  It is available here to download:  http://www.finalemusic.com/products/finale-notepad/

My students were required to create, publish, and record each piece of music they created for this class.

Here are the documents I created for this class.  Feel free to adapt them for your own needs.

** When you look at the sample job descriptions, remember that I created these based on the skills I knew my students had.  You will have to create your own job descriptions based on what your students or children can do.  For younger children, these could all be songs they create or simple instrumental pieces on whatever instruments you have at your disposal.  I had my students publish their music so they would have written copies.  That was in my curriculum so it was required at my school. You do not have to do that.  Adapt this to your needs and desires.  It is first and foremost a chance for children to create music.  The creative process is only effective when you work at whatever level the children are capable of doing.  And it needs to be FUN!

_______________________________________________________________________________
EMPLOYEE RECOMMENDATION FORM:  (I used this same form to write my final evaluation of each student at the end of the class)

                                                                                    February 24, 2012


To Whom It May Concern,

___________________________ worked as an employee of my company from

_______________ through _________________.  Based on the work this employee

accomplished while working for the company

 


I recommend this person for employment for the following reasons:
           
Job skills:           

Work habits:     

            
 


I do not recommend this person for employment for the following reasons: 

Job skills:           

Work habits:



                                                             Name _______________________________
                                                                        Company _____________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
WELCOME LETTER

                                                                                                                        November 20, 2012



Dear               :

I am so happy to hear you are joining the Highmeadow Composer’s Union.  Our company was formed back in 1988 and has been producing music for several of our local businesses since then.  I am always excited to have new employees join the company.  Your creative energy will be an asset to us all. 

I look forward to meeting you on December 3 when the new staff will have our first business meeting.  HCU has already accepted orders from several businesses for this upcoming year.  I will be anxious to see which part of those jobs you will be interested in.

Please bring a resume with you listing all experiences you have had in music thus far during your illustrious career.

Sincerely,

Mrs. Harbertson
President and CEO of HCU

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
EMPLOYEE PAYROLL FORM

Highmeadow Composer’s Union    A letter from payroll…

Since you are working for a limited period of time, payday is at the end of your job assignment.  Listed below are the fees you can earn for this job.

Wages are the fees you earned for each job completed. ($100.00 per job)

Employee fees refers to money ($25.00 each) that was subtracted from your paycheck to repay the company for the following:

Janitorial fees when the custodian needs to clean up after you.
          (Responsible Citizen), Organization, Common Sense
Consultant fees if your employer has to help you with a project.
          (Responsible Citizen), Problem Solving, Perseverance, Initiative    
Wasted time fee
          (Responsible Citizen), Responsibility, Organization, Common Sense,
          Integrity
Disturbing other employees fee
          (Responsible Citizen), Common Sense, Integrity

Typical salaries earned on this job.

(4)             Top Employees earn $400.00 and above

(3)             Average employees earn about $300.00 - $399.00
(2)             Below average employees earn $200.00 - $299.00
(1)     The employee that earns less than $200 may have trouble finding another job without upgrading some job skills.

Name ___________________________________________


Wages (Gross income) _____________

Employee Fees _________________________________________________________

Net Income ___________________


 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
EMPLOYEE INFORMATION SHEET

Name 

Address

Phone Number

Previous jobs:


What instruments do you play?


How long have you taken lessons?


What kind of compositions have you created?


What do the following words mean?
1.   Rhythm

2.   Melody

3.   Form

4.   Dynamics

5.   Tempo

6.   Style

7.   Timbre

8.   Time Signature

9.    Rondo

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
SAMPLE JOB DESCRIPTIONS:

Job #1 

1.  Write a song that will be a radio commercial for your favorite candy bar. 
2.  Once you have your song created, you must publish it using Music Time Deluxe on the computer.  Add your lyrics. 
3.  After it is published, prepare to record your commercial. Will you sing “a cappella” or accompanied?


Job #2 

1.  Write a lullaby in ¾ time that will be published on a CD for mothers of new babies as they leave the hospital.   Write your lyrics below and sing a melody to go with them.  
2.  Once you have your song created, you must publish it using Finale Notepad on the computer.  Add your lyrics. 
3.  After it is published, prepare to record your lullaby. Will you sing “a cappella “ or accompanied?


                                                                           Job #3 

1.  Write a simple piano piece in 4/4 time that uses chords in the left hand for beginning students in the key of C using C hand position.  These will be published using Finale Notepad and sold to piano teachers at a conference in March of 2012. 
2. The basic framework for this assignment is located on your computer under “My Documents”, “My Music”.  Please open the file titled “Piano” and write a right hand part (treble clef) that sounds good with the chords that are already there. 
3.  Give your piece a title.  Practice it and be prepared to record.


Job #4 

1.  Write a country western song that will kick off a fund raiser for your favorite charity.  
2.  Publish your song using Finale Notepad.  Let the teacher show you how to add chord symbols to your song. 
3.  Use a keyboard for your accompaniment.  Choose a country western style, then play the chords and sing along.  
4.  Record your song with the accompaniment.  

Job # 5  

1. Write a blues piano piece for our piano teacher’s convention.  The basic frame for this assignment will be found again on your computer.  It is called “blues”.  Make sure your right hand sounds good with that left hand accompaniment.  
2. Publish your music.  
3. To make your recording, try to play it if you are a piano student.  If not, the computer will play it as you record.
   
Job #6 

1.  Compose an ABACA (Rondo)composition for a tap dance class.  Make sure it is easy to dance to this music and that the dancers will hear the changes in form.
2.  Please use a keyboard for this assignment.
3.  Using the recording ability of the keyboard will be helpful.  Read the recording section of the 4th grade Keyboard lessons to get suggestions.  Then ask for help if you still need it.
    

Job #7

1.   Compose a piece of music to be used in a movie.
2.   The movie is a spy thriller.  The scene is where
      the spy is breaking into an office to steal
      documents to be used as evidence.
3.   Use the keyboard. 
4.   Use the recording ability of the keyboard to help you.  Layer the music with at least two layers.       
5.   Record directly from the keyboard.     

Job #8 

1.     Compose a recorder piece for an elementary school recorder book using the following notes: GABCD.
2.     Publish the song in Finale Notepad.
3.     Make an accompaniment using a keyboard.  (Get help with chords)
4.     Record yourself playing your song on your recorder with the accompaniment in the background.








Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Lesson 8 the Aquarium by Camille Saint-Saens Part 2

Now that you know the music, you can have some fun with it.  Music and movement just go together.  Music makes you want to move.  But the trick with this activity is to move upward and downward along with the music.  It will help the children to begin to listen critically to the music.

We went to the hardware store and got a bunch of sticks they give you to stir your paint.  You could use craft sticks but the bigger the better.  The larger sticks are easier to hold and they do not break.

Then we glued a fish to each of the sticks until we had a whole school of fish.  The children scattered around the room with their fish and when the music began they could walk around while the fish moved up and down with the music.  Initially you may find that it helps if you are quietly singing the music as it plays "Down, Up, Down, Up, Down and hold. . ." etc through-out the music.  It is one thing to do the ups and downs with visuals.  It is much more difficult to hear them.

To make the activity even more fun we decided not to do the downward music "of the bubbles" but instead we told the children that for today the bubble music would represent "dinner time" for the fish.  We put a chair in the center of the room and had a child stand on the chair with a jar of bubbles.  He would blow the bubbles into the air and the fish would all come and "eat" them.  With a large class it was necessary to have 3-4 people feeding the fish.

Here are some fish you could print out for this activity or the kids can draw their own.  These are the same fish used in Part 1 so the kids will associate these fish with this piece of music.









Now just have fun and do the "Fish Dance"!


Tuesday, March 12, 2013

Lesson 7 The Aquarium by Camille Saint-Saens Part 1

Now that we know how to listen to tell if music is moving upward and/or downward we will have some fun with swimming fish in an Aquarium!

Here is the link to the YouTube of the Aquarium from Carnival of the Animals by Camille Saint-Saens.  This piece moves slowly and gives you a wonderful opportunity to be able to listen for the upward and downward movement of the notes.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsD0FDLOKGA

The pictures below will  help the children to follow along.  Print them out and then show them how to touch each fish as the music plays.  As they do so they will begin to hear and feel the movement of the melody.  You will also visually see the long and short notes and the repeated phrases of the music.  You can reinforce the long and short notes by having the children count how many there are of each kind.  Ask if they see the patterns in the music.  What do they think the bubbles represent?

Have fun playing with the fish and the music and then look at Part 2 for a really fun follow-up activity.








 Here is the answer sheet that shows the correct order of the "fish pages".


Lesson 6 Answer Sheets for Lesson 5




Lesson 5 Melodies Move Up and Down

Another really good exercise to do with the upward and downward movement of lessons is to begin a song with its rhythmic icons and then manually move those icons up and down to reflect what you hear as you sing the song.  This exercises forces your ear to start hearing what upward and downward movement sounds like.

So let's begin with one song and see what that looks like.  Here are the icons for Twinkle Twinkle:




Now you would cut the icons out and place them in order as they are above.  Then sing the song and move the icons upward and/or downward to reflect what you hear as you sing.  When you get done you should have the following:



Here are three more songs to try.  I will put the answer sheets on the next post so that you won't look at them until after you have given this a try.  FYI:  this is difficult for some people so don't get discouraged if it is not as easy as you think. 




Monday, March 11, 2013

Lesson 4 Melodies Move Up and Down

The following worksheets are for the songs London Bridge, Mary Had a Little Lamb, Twinkle Twinkle, and Hot Cross Buns.

The children have learned how to play them but we want them to see and understand visually how the upward and downward music is written.  The worksheet will also reinforce the rhythms that they learned in the rhythm lesson. 

It is their job to now write the names of the notes in the correct boxes and then

1.  Sing the song and point along with a finger to each note as you sing it.
2.  Play the songs on a melody instrument using the worksheet as a guide.





Lessons 3 Melodies Move Up and Down

If you purchased the glockenspiels or boomwhckers or if you have a piano, you can find lots of  additional songs to play on the 8 note scale.  Every melody moves upward and downward so playing any of these helps the children to see this concept.

Songs that you already know are easy to play because you know the rhythm and speed of the notes from singing the songs so you just need to know which notes to play.  You can adapt these for the xylophones, piano, boomwhackers, etc. Since the C scale has a low C and also a high C, the low C is written simply as C while the high C becomes C'.

To play "Mary Had a Little Lamb" do the following:
  1. Begin with your mallet on E.
  2. Play the following note progression: E-D-C-D-E-E-E, D-D-D, E-G-G, E-D-C-D-E-E-E-E-D-D-E-D-C.
To play "Three Blind Mice" do the following:
  1. Begin with your mallet on E.
  2. Play the following note progression: E-D-C, E-D-C, G-F-F-E, G-F-F-E, G-C'-C'-B-A-B-C'-G-G, G-C'-C'-C'-B-A-B-C'-G-G, G-G-C'-C'-B-A-B-'C-G-G-G, F-E-D-C
To play "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" do the following:

     1.  Begin with your mallet on low C.
     2.  Play the following note progression:  C-C-G-G-A-A-G, F-F-E-E-D-D-C, G-G-F-F-E-E-D, G-G-F-F-E-E-D, C-C-G-G-A-A-G, F-F-E-E-D-D-C

To play "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" do the following:

    1.  Begin with your mallet on low C.
    2.  Play the following note progression:  C-C-C-D-E, E-D-E-F-G, C'-C'-C'-G-G-G-E-E-E-C-C-C, G-F-E-D-C

To play "Hot Cross Buns" do the following:

    1.  Begin with your mallet on E.
    2.  Play the following note progression: E-D-C, E-D-C, C-C-C-C-D-D-D-D, E-D-C

To play "London Bridge" do the following:

    1.  Begin with your mallet on G.
    2.  Play the following note progression: G-A-G-F-E-F-G, D-E-F, E-F-G,G-A-G-F-E-F-G, D-G-E-C


FYI:  This website has some Christmas songs for 8 notes:
http://www.kalimbamagic.com/newsletters/newsletter6.05/newsletter6.05_assets/Christmas_8Note.pdf

Lesson 2 Melodies Move Up and Down

Ebeneezer Sneezer, a Simple C Scale Song

Here is a simple scale song that can be used with Boomwhackers®.
  (C) Ebeneezer Sneezer
  (D) topsy turvy man
  (E) walks upon his elbows
  (F) anytime he can
  (G) dresses up in paper
  (A) everytime it pours
  (B) whistles Yankee Doodle
  (C') everytime he snores
  (C' B A G F E D C) Oh  Ebeneezer what a man! (fast descending scale)

Here is a video where you can learn to sing this very simple song. She is playing it on the piano at the same time so if you have a piano you will be able to quickly be able to both play and sing the song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMXEQ-S65QM


This is a good sing-a-long version that is much more fun for singing.
http://www.schooltube.com/video/50a12eaffb21e4f03b3e/Ebeneezer%20Sneezer

You will notice that it says it is color codes for boomwhackers.  Boomwhackers are incredibly fun instruments that are made of colorful tubes.  For $20 you can buy the basic set and play this song and lots of other songs.

http://www.musiciansfriend.com/classroom-kids/boomwhackers-c-major-diatonic-scale-set-upper-octave-boomwhackers-tuned-percussion-tubes

Another option is an 8 note glockenspiel.  Here is one at Amazon for $13.99. 
http://www.amazon.com/Eight-Note-Glockenspiel-Two-Mallets/dp/B0002E362S

The advantage of the glockenspiel is that a child can play the song easily by themselves whereas boomwhackers were more designed for a group to play, each one playing one note.

Lesson 1 Melodies Move Up and Down

Early experiences with melodies moving upward and downward can be really fun for young children because you can introduce instruments and integrate movement into these types of activities.

Here is a favorite that just simply teaches that music can move upward and downward.  It is on old children's song called The Bear Went Over the Mountain.  If you don't know the song you can find a lot of versions on YouTube.  I like this one the best because the video shows the bear going up and then the bear going down.  That is exactly what we are teaching today.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHfkcGSlRcA

Now that you know the song here is the arrangement I did with my kids.  We sang the song and then we walked up the mountain on our instruments and then sang the second part and walked down the mountain.  We used small xylophones and turned them sideways so as we played we were actually going upward and downward on the instrument.  If you use a piano you have to explain that upward moves from low to high and downward moves from high to low. With bar type of instruments it helps to remember that large is low and small is high.  So the kids can organize bells from low to high.  It you want to play around with the water glasses use glasses that are all the same and help the children to see that the amount of water changes the pitches from low to high.

See below for other ways to create melody instruments if you do not own one that the children can play.
Creating Melody Instruments:  Check out these sites:

WATER GLASSES: This site has instructions for creating a "xylophone" out of glasses filled with water.  This would be fun to do and I wouldn't worry at all about creating the perfect scale.  The point to the lesson would be that you are creating a set of pitches that go from low to high. 
http://www.storytimesongs.com/instruments.html

MAKE A SET OF TUBULAR BELLS
http://www.sugardoodle.net/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3287&Itemid=5

HERE IS A SET OF TUBULAR BELLS PUT TOGETHER AS A XYLOPHONE
http://www.motherearthnews.com/do-it-yourself/homemade-xylophone-zmaz81ndzraw.aspx#axzz2NEArGVwd

Here is a easy way to put your bells together as a xylophone:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjAXR-jwviM


Saturday, March 9, 2013

RHYTHM LESSON 10 - The Rhythm Band with Notation

Now that the children have transitioned to music notation we will go back to the Rhythm Band Lesson and play the instruments while reading music notation.  The music is a little more difficult now.  You will still see patterns where two different instruments are playing opposite of each other.  You will also see that we have added half notes.  These get 2 beats and are read as "Ta-ah".  You will also see a quarter note with two slashes through the stem in the tambourine music.  That indicates that you shake the instrument on those notes.  So the tambourine has two strokes: tap and shake.

We'll use the same pieces of music that we used before and I will suggest some other pieces that would work as well.  The music is in either 2/4 or 4/4 time signature.  These are called duple time and can be adapted to any piece of music that is in duple time and has a strong beat and a good tempo for the children.  So if you have favorite pieces of music that would work, please feel free to adapt. When you play along with a piece of music you will be able to feel if it works.

At the end of each instrument's music you will see two lines with two dots in front of them. This is the repeat sign.  Each instrument repeats the same musical pattern throughout the piece of music.



The Soldier's March - Robert Schumann  55 seconds  Duple time 2/4
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7ouYmyW3vo












Alte Kameraden  3 min 11 seconds  by Andre Rieu and The Johann Strauss Orchestra.  Duple Time 4/4  -  You can stop at the end of the first section which is at 38 seconds.  OR to have some real fun with this music play that first section and then get up and march until the timer gets to 1 min 55 seconds and then play again until 2 minutes 25 seconds and then march until the end.  It is such a fun piece of music.  If you play the piece and watch the timer, when it gets to 1 min 48 seconds, Andre plays a little bridge that tells you to get ready - it's time to play again.






Music in 2/4 time:
Oh, Susanna (Bluegrass arrangement)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AML7ozbXCds
Washington Post March https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mr0CLv1ic9o&playnext=1&list=PL7DFA2B1866C5FE1F&feature=results_video

Music in 4/4 time:

Semper Fidelis March  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--SVyKdx8u0&

Sesame Street Nasty Dan  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H75eQX006jA

Elmo sings Be Doodle De Dum  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zI9OaTJyg_Y

Bingo  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=88yBdv9L6R8 

Under the Sea  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPQVrjnC1jo